How Transport Nationalisation could benefit Local Communities
Specific attention given to the United Kingdom
The overall objective of Neoteric Communitarianism is to improve each nation by improving its communities. However there are some factors that must be implicated by the state to ensure that the communities themselves are on a good road to recovery. For areas that are situated in parts of a country with higher rates of unemployment, and lower average salaries, transport privatisation and extortion prices are sins. High prices damage domestic tourism dramatically and therefore do not allow the majority of people to explore different parts of their country, therefore aiding in the financial turmoil of many regions. As a result of this it is vital that states implement transport nationalisation.
Put simply, the majority of people in the United Kingdom cannot afford to use the private sector transport services on a regular basis. What does this mean for issues such as the north south divide? First and foremost it can’t improve the situation because distribution of wealth is stagnated. If people can’t afford to visit communities on the other side of the country or closer to home they will not be able to spend in them. Economically this is vital. Communities in the North are virtually left out of contact with those in the South and the hardship is far severer in the North due to the higher rates of unemployment.
Between March 2013-May 2013 the UK National Average for unemployment was 7.8%, in the North East this figure was 10.4%, the West Midlands was at 9.8% and Yorkshire & Humberside was 9%. On the other end of the scale the rate in the South West was 5.8%, 6.3% in the South East and in the East of England the rate was 6.6%. Looking at income, the average annual salary in London was £34,879 while in Birmingham it was £25,825. Now if the average working Londoner cannot afford to go to Birmingham, it will be the same case all over the country. Jobs should be targeted at the community but transport systems should not be fragmented and ridiculously expensive so that they virtually trap the majority of people in their zones. Therefore economically if money is not being spent in poorer parts of the country, the communities there will continue to suffer and the situation will get worse as they become more and more out of reach.
Culturally there are implications also. People will be unable to learn about the customs of other communities through experience. People will miss out on visiting historical landmarks, a vital component in learning about the history of where they are from. As a result of this it is clear that culture and economics are linked. The more places ordinary people are able to visit and enjoy the more places they will want to visit meaning greater distribution of income across the nation, benefiting all communities culturally, economically and socially.
To do this we need a nationalised transport system with lower fares. Of course this is something that cannot happen over night due to the sheer scale of privatisation in the United Kingdom. However a possible initial step would be to introduce a maximum rate per distance system so that private companies are unable to extort people. Furthermore if corporation tax was raised by a significant figure, say an extra 20% this could eventually pressure companies to sell their transport systems back to the state.
As well as bolstering local economies, transport nationalisation would give the state a stronger financial backbone to which large sums of money could be generated to help schools, hospitals and other vital components of our communities. Transport privatisation has only benefitted a few, and damaged many and therefore it holds no benefit for the general population. It must be removed.